Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ciatec.repositorioinstitucional.mx/jspui/handle/1019/193
Assessment of extrusion-sonication process on flame retardant polypropylene by rheological characterization
GUADALUPE SANCHEZ OLIVARES
Acceso Abierto
Atribución-NoComercial
Polipropileno
Reología
In this work, the rheological behavior of flame retardant polypropylene composites produced by two methods: 1) twin-screw extrusion and 2) ultrasound application combined with a static mixer die single-screw extrusion is analyzed in detail; results are related to the morphology of the composites. The flame retardant polymer composites are composed of a polypropylene matrix, an intumescent flame retardant system and functionalized clay. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the combination of the static mixer die and on-line sonication reduced particle size and improved the dispersion and distribution of the intumescent additives in the polypropylene matrix at the micrometric level. From linear viscoelastic properties, the Han, Cole-Cole and van Gurp-Palmen diagrams characterized the improved particle dispersion of the flame retardant additives. Two welldefined rheological behaviors were observed in these diagrams. These behaviors are independent on clay presence and concentration. In fact, the ultrasound device generates a 3D highly interconnected structure similar to a co-continuous pattern observed in polymer blends as evidenced by rheological measurements. This improvement in the dispersion and distribution of the additives is attributed to the combined effect of the static mixer die and on-line sonication that allowed reducing the additive content while achieving the optimum classification UL94-V0.
2016
Artículo
Inglés
Empresas
Estudiantes
Investigadores
Maestros
ANÁLISIS DE POLÍMEROS
Versión publicada
publishedVersion - Versión publicada
Appears in Collections:Artículos de investigación

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